The mounts and mheir significance

The fleshy pads on the palm at the fingers base and the Thumb are called mounts. When a mount is raised and the apex is centrally located, or it has favorable signs on it, it is said to be strong. When flat it is ordinary; but when depressed or has bad signs on it, it is weak and unfavourable. When a mount is overdeveloped, the qualities of the mount go to the extreme and turn adverse. The formation of fingers, i.e. square, spatulate, pointed or conic, the texture of the skin and the consistency of hand also affect the qualities of the mount.
A triangle, a square, a circle and vertical lines on the mount are good signs while a grille, a cross sometimes, a bar an island, a dot and horizontal line are bad signs and signify defects.
The mounts are the manifestation of the influence the planets shower on man. On a palm there are positions of eight planets of which Mars occupies two positions; the other planets are sun, moon, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn.
At the vase of each finger there is a mount, more or less developed, on every hand. Now each of these mounts the ancients supposed to correspond with one of the planets from which it was believed to have received more of less influence, according to its development, and the signs or marks to be found upon it.
 The first finger represented Jupiter, the mount of its base being called the mount of    Jupiter.
  The second, Saturn, the mount at its root being the mount of Saturn.
  The third, Sun, the mount below being the Mount of Sun.
  The fourth, Mercury, the mount at its base being called the Mount of Mercury.
  The thumb was sacred to Venus, and the rood of the thumb was called the Mount of    Venus.
It will also be seen that the planet mars is twice represented in the hand, along the side of the palm, by the Mount of mars, and in the palm, between the Line of Life and the Line of the head, which called the Plain of Mars.
The Moon is only represented by the Mount of the Moon, at the lower part of the palm, on the opposite side of the hand to the thumb.
When the mounts are well in their places and clearly, but not too strongly defined, they give the qualities of the planet they represent; but between
any mount is not well marked, or ever, as frequently happens, is quite deficient, there is, according to the palmists, a want of the qualities shown to exits where the mount is clearly defined. If the mounts are not only ill—defined, but represented by a cavity, that cavity would indicate the existence of qualities which are the reverse of those indicated by the mount; whereas an exceeding development would denote an excess of the qualities given by the mount.
Thus the mount of Jupiter, which is immediately under the index, is supposed, when fairly developed, to indicate noble ambition, love of nature, kindliness, generosity, religion, and happy marriage. When in excess – that is, when the mount is so large as to invade that next to it, the Mount of Saturn – it indicates superstition, exaggerated pride, and domineering self-assertion. The total absence of the mount indicates coldness, selfishness, irreligion, and the want of dignity which is produced by the utter absence of self-respect.
The Mount of Saturn is found immediately beneath the second finger, which the ancients assigned to Saturn, the planet of Fatality. Saturn was supposed to give extreme misfortune, or extreme good fortune, according to the development of the mount and the signs and lines to be seen upon it, and the course of the Saturnian’s Line, or Line of Fate, in the palm of the hand.
Saturn was supposed to give, when well developed, prudence, wisdom, and to a certain extent, success; when in excess it gives sadness, taciturnity, asceticism, dread of the after life, and yet sometimes a predisposition to suicide. The total absence of the mount indicates an insignificant existence.
The mount of Sun is placed at the root of the third finger. When this mount is well developed it indicates love of art and literature, which shows itself (according to temperament) in poetry, painting, sculpture or music; it gives also religion of the aesthetic tolerant sort, grace, riches, and celebrity; in excess it gives love of show, frivolity, and vain gloriousness. The total absence of the mount means a thoroughly material existence; absence of all taste for art – a life without colour, a day without sunlight!
The Mount of Mercury is found at the base of the fourth finger, and, when well defined, indicates intelligence, success in science, and even in occult studies, the love of work, activity both of mind and body, and eloquence; in excess it gives imprudence, theft and falsehood; the absence of the mount indicates no aptitude for science, no intellectuality, a negative existence of course, if the mount of Sun is well defined, the last quality will he overridden by the success which the mount of Sun indicates.
The Mount of Mars is at the side of the hand, opposite the thumb, just below the mount of Mercury, and when well developed, indicates courage, ardor and resolution, in excess it gives cruelty, anger, revenge and tyranny; the absence of the mount gives cowardice and want of self control.
The Mount of the Moon as found immediately below that of Mars, and when well developed, gives imagination of the dreamy sentimental order, gentle melancholy, and love of solitude; in excess, it gives morbid melancholy, caprice, fantastic imagination; the absence of the mount indicates want of poetry in the nature, positivision.
The Mount of Venus, which is found by the root of the thumb, indicates, when fairly developed, love of the beautiful, melody in music, the desire of pleasing, and sensuous tenderness; in excess, it gives love of material pleasure, coquetry, inconstancy and extreme sensuality.